three.quarks is a high-performance javascript particle system based visual effect library for threejs written in modern TypeScript.

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three.quarks is a high-performance general-purpose particle system library with a WYSIWYG visual editor three.quarks-editor for it. It runs on top of the well-known WebGL library called three.js.

  • Port Simulation Compiler code to Rust
  • WebAssembly Particle Simulation on CPU. (WIP)
  • GPU simulation on GPU (WIP)
  • Node based / scriptable particle system (WIP)
  • Simulation Frequency - Performance
  • Unity / Standalone Cross-platform Native plugin to run VFX
  • Semi-compatible Unity (shuriken) Particle system
  • Support Mesh Standard Material and Mesh Basic Material
  • Batch Render Multiple Particle System (reduce draw calls) - BatchedParticleRenderer
  • Emission Shape and Control
    • Mesh Surface Emitter
  • Plugin System - Plugin
    • Customizable Behaviors
    • Customizable Emitter Shape
  • 4 Type of renderer
    • Billboard
    • Stretched Billboard
    • Mesh Renderer
    • Trail Renderer TrailBatch
  • Spawn Particle on Mesh Surface
  • Configuable RenderMode and BlendMode
  • 1D Bézier curve function for adjusting
  • Texture Atlas Animation
  • User Extension and Customization
  • A realtime editor to test and create visual effects three.quarks-editor
  • VFX json load and save

three.quarks computes most particle information on CPU, and it uses customized shader , instancing, batch techniques to render those particles with as few draw calls as possible. three.quarks supports one dimension piecewise Bézier curves for the customizable transform visual effect. Most importantly, developers can customize how the particle system works by adding their own Behavior.

npm install three.quarks

Add particle system to the scene

const clock = new THREE.Clock();
const batchSystem = new BatchedRenderer();
const texture = new TextureLoader().load("atlas.png");
// Particle system configuration
const muzzle = {
duration: 1,
looping: false,
startLife: new IntervalValue(0.1, 0.2),
startSpeed: new ConstantValue(0),
startSize: new IntervalValue(1, 5),
startColor: new ConstantColor(new THREE.Vector4(1, 1, 1, 1)),
worldSpace: false,

maxParticle: 5,
emissionOverTime: new ConstantValue(0),
emissionBursts: [{
time: 0,
count: new ConstantValue(1),
cycle: 1,
interval: 0.01,
probability: 1,

shape: new PointEmitter(),
material: new MeshBasicMaterial({map: texture, blending: AdditiveBlending, transparent: true}),
startTileIndex: new ConstantValue(91),
uTileCount: 10,
vTileCount: 10,
renderOrder: 2,
renderMode: RenderMode.Mesh

// Create particle system based on your configuration
muzzle1 = new ParticleSystem(muzzle);
// developers can customize how the particle system works by
// using existing behavior or adding their own Behavior.
muzzle1.addBehavior(new ColorOverLife(new ColorRange(new THREE.Vector4(1, 0.3882312, 0.125, 1), new THREE.Vector4(1, 0.826827, 0.3014706, 1))));
muzzle1.addBehavior(new SizeOverLife(new PiecewiseBezier([[new Bezier(1, 0.95, 0.75, 0), 0]])));
// texture atlas animation
muzzle1.addBehavior(new FrameOverLife(new PiecewiseBezier([[new Bezier(91, 94, 97, 100), 0]]))); = 'muzzle1';
muzzle1.emitter.position.x = 1;


// Add emitter to your Object3D

Add batch renderer update in your main loop

// update batched renderer
const batchSystem = new BatchedRenderer();
const loader = new QuarksLoader();
loader.load(jsonURL, (obj) => {
// the API uses manuel loading because users may need to
// store the VFX somewhere to reuse it later.
obj.traverse((child) => {
if (child.type === "ParticleEmitter") {
// only if want to display the VFX
if (obj.type === "ParticleEmitter") {
}, () => {
}, () => {

Note: the texture url reference is defined by the texture's name field. you may need to modify the texture url in json as needed.


Launch Examples

npm install             # install dependencies
npm run build # build three.quarks
npm run example # start an HTTP server to serve example particle effects

three.quarks-editor can help you preview a set of particle system at once. and you can also adjust all the particle system at real time and export those system as a JSON file. Your app or game can load those JSON file later. It even includes a Javascript scripting system to test those effect in a similar environment to your application.

Check test folder

More examples will come up later.

If you want the best performance please consider `yarn link` []( This version of three.js performs much better than official release, because it avoids unnecessary `getProgramCachedKey()` calls and material updates.